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Tears are considered to be part of the: 1. first line of defense. 2. second line of defense. 3. third line of defense. 4. specific defenses. 5. nonspecific defenses.
A specific defense for the body is:
The inflammatory response is a nonspecific response to:
Chemical mediators released during the inflammatory response include:
Which of the following result directly from the release of chemical mediators following a moderate burn injury? 1. Pain 2. Local vasoconstriction 3. Increased capillary permeability 4. Pallor
Granulation tissue is best described as:
Edema associated with inflammation results directly from:
The warmth and redness related to the inflammatory response results from:
What is the correct order of the following events in the inflammatory response immediately after tissue injury? 1. Increased permeability of blood vessels 2. Dilation of blood vessels 3. Transient vasoconstriction 4. Migration of leukocytes to the area 5. Hyperemia
The process of phagocytosis involves the:
Systemic effects of severe inflammation include:
Which of the following statements applies to fever?
Mechanisms to bring an elevated body temperature down to the normal level include:
Replacement of damaged tissue by similar functional cells is termed:
Which of the following promotes rapid healing?
Glucocorticoids are used to treat inflammation because they directly:
Patients taking glucocorticoids for long periods of time are likely to develop all of the following EXCEPT:
Which of the following drugs relieves fever and some types of pain but is NOT an anti-inflammatory agent?
A burn area in which the epidermis and part of the dermis is destroyed is classified as:
A woman has burns on the anterior surfaces of her right arm, chest, and right leg. The percentage of body surface area burned is approximately:
The characteristic appearance of a full-thickness burn is:
A typical source of infection in burn areas is:
A large burn area predisposes to decreased blood pressure because:
During an inflammatory response, hyperemia is caused by:
The advantages of applying a biosynthetic skin substitute to a large area of full-thickness burns include: 1. reduced risk of infection. 2. decreased loss of plasma protein and fluid. 3. developing stronger fibrous scar tissue. 4. more rapid healing. 5. regeneration of all glands, nerves, and hair follicles.
A serous exudate is best described as a:
Systemic manifestations of an inflammatory response include:
Some local effects of a general inflammatory response would include:
Prolonged administration of glucocorticoids such as prednisone may cause: 1. atrophy of lymphoid tissue. 2. increased resistance to infection. 3. thrombocytopenia. 4. decreased protein synthesis.
Application of ice to an injured knee reduces edema by:
Healing of large areas of skin loss (including dermis and epidermis) would be most successful through:
Prostaglandins are produced from ___________ and cause ___________.
The number of neutrophils in the blood is increased significantly:
Nonspecific agents that protect uninfected cells against viruses are called:
In normal capillary exchange, what is net hydrostatic pressure based on?
The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following EXCEPT:
Drugs that have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic activities include: 1. COX-2 inhibitors (NSAIDs). 2. glucocorticoids (e.g., prednisone). 3. ibuprofen (NSAID). 4. acetaminophen. 5. aspirin (ASA).
Aspirin (ASA) is discouraged for treatment of viral infection in children because of:
Systemic manifestations of inflammation include all EXCEPT:
Which of the following cellular elements found in the inflammatory response are responsible for phagocytosis?
Which chemical mediator is involved in prolonging the inflammatory response?
Potential complications after healing by scar formation include all the following EXCEPT:
All of the following are correct statements regarding wound healing EXCEPT:
Which of the following statements regarding inflammation is incorrect?
Which of the following helps to localize and wall off the foreign material during an inflammatory response?
Why is an application of cold recommended as part of the RICE first aid measures immediately following an inflammatory response due to injury?
One goal for current research in tissue engineering is to:
Identify the proper sequence in the healing process.
All of the following are factors that promote healing EXCEPT:
Identify the correct statement about burns:
Which statement applies to the recommended emergency care for burns?
Inhalation of carbon monoxide is a threat for many burn patients because this gas:
Hypermetabolism is common with major burns because of:
How does scar tissue usually cause obstructions to develop in tube-like structures?