Quiz Mode allows you to practice the quiz as a real exam, you'll have a timer, answers will be hidden, you'll be allowed to fill your answers, get the result at the end and store your results.
Which of the following structures is most likely to be located in the renal medulla?
Which of the following is NOT a function of the kidney?
Which of the following describes the correct flow of blood in the kidney?
Which of the following describes the flow of filtrate in the kidney?
Which of the following describes the normal flow of urine?
Which statement about the bladder is TRUE?
Which of the following increases glomerular filtration rate?
By what process is water reabsorbed from the filtrate?
Which substance directly controls the reabsorption of water from the collecting ducts?
Under what circumstances do cells in the kidneys secrete renin?
Which of the following should be present in the filtrate in the proximal convoluted tubule?
From the following, choose the substance likely to appear in the urine when the glomerulus is inflamed.
Involuntary urination by a child after age 4 or 5, when bladder control is expected, is referred to as:
When a respiratory infection with high fever is present in the body, how would the kidney tubules maintain normal pH of body fluids?
When comparing normal kidney function with dialysis, which of the following mechanisms is not possible in dialysis?
What is the cause of most cases of pyelonephritis?
Which disease is manifested by dysuria and pyuria?
Why may acute pyelonephritis and cystitis follow untreated prostatitis?
Pyelonephritis may be distinguished from cystitis by the presence in pyelonephritis of:
In a case of acute pyelonephritis, what is the cause of flank pain?
Which pathophysiological process applies to acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis?
What causes the dark urine associated with acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis?
Renal disease frequently causes hypertension because:
Urinary casts are present with acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis because:
Which disease would cause an increased ASO titer and elevated serum ASK?
Why does metabolic acidosis develop with bilateral kidney disease?
What is the first indicator in the arterial blood gases of acidosis caused by glomerulonephritis?
What would be the long-term effects of chronic infection or inflammation of the kidneys?
What factors contribute to headache, anorexia, and lethargy with kidney disease? 1. Increased blood pressure 2. Elevated serum urea 3. Anemia 4. Acidosis
What are the significant signs of nephrotic syndrome?
Why does blood pressure often remain near normal in patients with nephrotic syndrome?
Common causes of urolithiasis include all of the following EXCEPT:
Which of the following results from obstruction of the left ureter by a renal calculus?
Which of the following is a predisposing factor to bladder cancer?
What is the common initial sign of adenocarcinoma of the kidney?
Which of the following does NOT usually result from nephrosclerosis?
Which of the following relates to polycystic kidney disease?
Which of the following is related to Wilms tumor?
With severe kidney disease, either hypokalemia or hyperkalemia may occur and cause:
Which of the following indicates the early stage of acute renal failure?
What is/are a cause(s) of acute tubule necrosis and acute renal failure?
Which of the following would likely cause chronic renal failure?
What causes polyuria during the stage of renal insufficiency?
What is the primary reason for hypocalcemia developing during end-stage renal failure or uremia?
Cystitis is more common in females because:
Which of the following indicate a decreased GFR?
Which of the following is NOT likely to lead to hydronephrosis?
Which of the following congenital defects is a common cause of cystitis in young children?
Which factor contributes to severe anemia in individuals with chronic renal failure?
When acidosis becomes decompensated in renal failure, a key indicator is:
What is the primary action of the diuretic furosemide?
Which of the following causes acute renal failure?
Which of the following is a significant indicator of renal insufficiency?
Uremic signs of renal failure include all of the following EXCEPT:
Choose the basic cause of osteodystrophy associated with chronic renal failure.
Agenesis is often not diagnosed because:
Reduced urine output resulting from inflammation and necrosis of the tubules is called:
The micturition reflex is initiated by:
Which of the following results from decreased blood flow into the kidneys?
In acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, the glomerular inflammation results from:
In acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, the inflammation causes:
Autoregulation in the kidneys refers to:
The reabsorption of water and electrolytes by the kidneys is directly controlled by: 1. atrial natriuretic hormone. 2. antidiuretic hormone. 3. angiotensin. 4. the levels of bicarbonate ion.
Uncontrolled essential hypertension may cause chronic renal failure because of:
Urine with a low specific gravity is usually related to: