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What kind of control mechanism is indicated when increased blood glucose levels stimulate increased secretion of insulin?
What is the most common cause of endocrine disorders?
Choose the statement that applies to type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Why does polyuria develop with diabetes mellitus?
What is the cause of diabetic ketoacidosis?
What is a precipitating factor for diabetic ketoacidosis?
Which of the following may cause insulin shock to develop?
Which of the following indicates hypoglycemia in a diabetic?
Which of the following are signs of diabetic ketoacidosis in an unconscious person?
Immediate treatment for insulin shock may include:
What causes loss of consciousness in a person with diabetic ketoacidosis?
Which of the following does NOT usually develop as a complication of diabetes?
How do many oral hypoglycemic drugs act?
Diabetes may cause visual impairment through damage to the lens; this is referred to as:
Which of the following applies to diabetic macro-angiography? 1. It affects the small arteries and arterioles. 2. It is related to elevated serum lipids. 3. It leads to increased risk of myocardial infarction and peripheral vascular disease. 4. It frequently causes damage to the kidneys.
Why is amputation frequently a necessity in diabetics?
A type of diabetes that may develop during pregnancy and disappear after delivery is called:
Which one of the following develops hypoglycemia more frequently?
Which of the following hormonal imbalances causes Addisons disease?
Which of the following hormonal imbalances causes myxedema?
Which of the following hormonal imbalances causes diabetes insipidus?
What is caused by hyperparathyroidism?
What is caused by hypocalcemia due to hypoparathyroidism? 1. Skeletal muscle twitching or spasm 2. Weak cardiac contraction 3. Increased secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH) 4. Decreased serum phosphate level
Which of the following applies to acromegaly?
Which of the following may cause goiter? 1. Hyperthyroidism 2. Hypothyroidism 3. Lack of iodine in the diet 4. Pheochromocytoma
Which signs are typical of Graves disease?
Characteristics of Cushings syndrome include all of the following EXCEPT:
Which of the following is an effect of long-term glucocorticoid therapy?
Which of the following is an effect of Addisons disease?
What is the most common cause of type 1 diabetes mellitus?
Why does glucosuria occur in diabetics?
Which of the following are common early signs of a pituitary adenoma? 1. Persistent headaches 2. Hemianopia 3. Hypertension 4. Papilledema
Which of the following does NOT apply to inappropriate ADH syndrome?
What is/are the effect(s) of thyrotoxic crisis?
Which of the following conditions may precipitate or exacerbate hyperglycemia?
Which of the following conditions may cause immunosuppression?
Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma (HHNC) more frequently develops in patients with:
Which of the following is recommended for immediate treatment of hypoglycemic shock? 1. If conscious, immediately give sweet fruit juice, honey, candy, or sugar. 2. If unconscious, give nothing by mouth (require intravenous glucose 50%). 3. Treat immediately with insulin. 4. Give large quantity of clear fluids for shock.
All these tissues use glucose without the aid of insulin EXCEPT:
Differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes include which of the following?
Complications of diabetes mellitus include:
Which of the following often causes hyperparathyroidism?
Which of the following results from a deficit of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)?
Goiters occur more frequently in persons living in the:
Which of the following is caused by Graves disease?
Severe impairment of all aspects of growth and development, including difficulty feeding, mental retardation, and stunted skeletal growth, are associated with:
A benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine is called:
The anterior pituitary gland secretes all of the following hormones EXCEPT:
Which of the following applies to oxytocin? 1. It stimulates contraction of the uterus after delivery. 2. It stimulates ejection of breast milk during lactation. 3. It stimulates mammary gland production of milk. 4. It is released from the adenohypophysis.
Which of the following is a major function of the hormone norepinephrine?
Early signs of hyperglycemia include polyphagia, which means:
Which of the following hormones is involved in both the stress response and the anti-inflammatory response?
Polydipsia occurs with diabetes mellitus when:
Compensation mechanisms occurring in the early stage of diabetic ketoacidosis include:
Which of the following may occur with a pituitary adenoma?
Which of the following may cause hypertension?
Catabolic effects of Cushings syndrome include:
Blood glucose levels are increased by: 1. glucocorticoids. 2. glucagon. 3. epinephrine. 4. norepinephrine. 5. parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Which of the following are likely present in a patient immobilized for a long period of time?
Which of the following may cause high serum levels of parathyroid hormone?