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What is a benign neoplasm originating from adipose tissue called?
What are malignant neoplasms arising from connective tissue cells called?
Which of the following is a characteristic of a benign tumor?
Which factor provides the basis for the grading of newly diagnosed malignant tumors?
A warning sign of possible cancer would be any of the following EXCEPT:
The common local effects of an expanding tumor mass include: 1. obstruction of a tube or duct. 2. anemia and weight loss. 3. cell necrosis and ulceration. 4. tumor markers in the circulation.
Which of the following does paraneoplastic syndrome refer to?
Which term refers to the spread of malignant cells through blood and lymph to distant sites?
One reason for staging a malignant tumor at the time of diagnosis is to:
The process of carcinogenesis usually begins with:
What would be an external source of ionizing radiation?
The most critical adverse effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy are:
Chemotherapy usually involves a combination of drugs in order to: 1. reduce the adverse effects. 2. guarantee that all cancer cells are destroyed. 3. be effective in more phases of the cell cycle. 4. totally block the mitotic stage.
Why does ovarian cancer have a poor prognosis?
Select the correct pair representing a malignant tumor and its marker:
Antiangiogenesis drugs act on a malignant tumor by:
The development of neutropenia during chemotherapy for cancer means:
Identify the common dose-limiting factor for chemotherapy:
Glucocorticoids are often prescribed during a course of chemotherapy and radiation because:
Vomiting frequently follows a chemotherapy treatment because:
What type of normal cells are often damaged during chemotherapy and radiation treatments?
Remission for cancer is generally defined as a period in which:
All of the following are correct statements about skin cancers EXCEPT:
High risk factors for cancer include: 1. human papilloma virus. 2. chronic irritation and inflammation. 3. repeated sun exposure. 4. high family incidence.
The warning signs for cancer include:
A classification process that applies to a specific malignant tumor and describes the extent of the disease at a given time is called:
Benign tumors can often be differentiated from malignant tumors because benign tumors:
Benign tumors in the brain are often life-threatening because they:
Drugs or agents that augment the natural immune response in the body to improve identification and removal of abnormal cells are called:
The method that can be used as an alternative to surgical removal of a tumor by using heat generated by a needle inserted into the tumor is referred to as:
Staging systems used to classify a malignant tumor at the time of diagnosis are based on which of the following factors?