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One of the first nurse researchers to document evidence-based practice for nursing was Florence Nightingale. What did Nightingale incorporate into her practice that made her practice different from her colleagues?
Critical Thinking: The nurse administrator is doing a study that entails gathering data about new employees over a 10-year period. Which research method would be the best one to use for this type of study?
Critical Thinking: The nurse in the outpatient setting would like to conduct a research study that compares patients who take tramadol (Ultracet) to patients who take oxycodone hydrochloride and acetaminophen (Percocet) for managing back pain. Which quantitative research method should yield the best results?
The nurse in the psychiatric unit is involved in a research study for a depression medication. In the study, patients are randomly assigned to one depression medication and the other group is receiving no medication to treat the depression. What method of research are the patients involved with?
[Multiple Response] How does the Iowa model transcend mere nursing care? (Select all that apply.)
a. It includes formalized internal feedback loops.
b. Its triggers can have their origins practically anywhere.
c. It generates change in practice solely through research.
d. It implies a layer of policy development.
e. It addresses multiple disciplines impacts on quality.
[Multiple Response] Which statements are true about the Iowa model of EBP? (Select all that apply.)
a. It addresses utilization of research findings at an individual level.
b. It prioritizes pressing items of interest related to quality of care.
c. Individual nurses enact an Iowa decision tree when they examine risk management data.
d. It identifies triggers capable of posing hazard or benefit.
e. It reiterates that innovators embrace change far earlier than laggards.
[Multiple Response] The nurse is conducting a review of the literature for pain management techniques. Which of the following would the nurse consider when conducting research that yields solid EBP? (Select all that apply.)
a. Search the literature to uncover evidence to answer the question.
b. Evaluate the outcome.
c. Use the nursing process to evaluate evidence.
d. Evaluate the evidence found.
e. Develop an answerable question.
f. Develop a question that has not been answered.
g. Apply the evidence to the practice situation.