Quiz 45: Evidence

Concepts For Nursing Practice

Nursing
7
Questions
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True/False
4
Choices
3
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Questions

Q1
Free

One of the first nurse researchers to document evidence-based practice for nursing was Florence Nightingale. What did Nightingale incorporate into her practice that made her practice different from her colleagues?

Multiple Choice
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A) Nightingale gathered scientific data.
B) Nightingale calculated statistics to report her findings.
C) Nightingale communicated her findings to powerful others.
D) Nightingale based her nursing practice on her findings.
Answer:
D) Nightingale based her nursing practice on her findings.

Explanation:
Florence Nightingale had tried to develop the role of researcher by using evidence from her practice and implementing these findings. Evidence-based practice (EBP) includes conducting quality studies, synthesizing the study findings into the best research evidence available, and using that research evidence effectively in practice. Although gathering scientific data, calculating statistics to report findings, and communicating findings to powerful others are all important components of conducting research, Nightingales action that most appropriately reflects the current nursing research priority is that she based her nursing practice on her findings.
Q2
Free

Critical Thinking: The nurse administrator is doing a study that entails gathering data about new employees over a 10-year period. Which research method would be the best one to use for this type of study?

Multiple Choice
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A) Quantitative longitude cohort
B) Qualitative longitudinal
C) Qualitative interview
D) Qualitative case study
Answer:
A) Quantitative longitude cohort

Explanation:
Quantitative research has been defined as being focused on the testing of a hypothesis through objective observation and validation. The types of studies that make up this category include randomized controlled studies, cohort studies, longitudinal studies, case-controlled studies, and case reports. The other options are examples of quantitative, not qualitative, studies.
Q3
Free

Critical Thinking: The nurse in the outpatient setting would like to conduct a research study that compares patients who take tramadol (Ultracet) to patients who take oxycodone hydrochloride and acetaminophen (Percocet) for managing back pain. Which quantitative research method should yield the best results?

Multiple Choice
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A) Longitude study
B) Controlled study
C) Systematic reviews/meta-analysis
D) Survey study
Answer:
B) Controlled study

Explanation:
A controlled study is a type of quantitative research that seeks to control and examine the variables to determine effectiveness. In this case, the variables would be those that were administered tramadol (Ultracet) and those that were administered hydrochloride and acetaminophen (Percocet) for managing back pain. Correlational research methods help determine association between or among variables. A longitudinal study examines variables over a designated course of time. A systematic reviews/meta-analysis is a type of literature review and not a research method. A survey study is a type of qualitative research method.
Q4

The nurse in the psychiatric unit is involved in a research study for a depression medication. In the study, patients are randomly assigned to one depression medication and the other group is receiving no medication to treat the depression. What method of research are the patients involved with?

Multiple Choice
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A) Descriptive
B) Correlational
C) Quasi-experimental
D) Experimental
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Q5

[Multiple Response] How does the Iowa model transcend mere nursing care? (Select all that apply.)
a. It includes formalized internal feedback loops.
b. Its triggers can have their origins practically anywhere.
c. It generates change in practice solely through research.
d. It implies a layer of policy development.
e. It addresses multiple disciplines impacts on quality.

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Q6

[Multiple Response] Which statements are true about the Iowa model of EBP? (Select all that apply.)
a. It addresses utilization of research findings at an individual level.
b. It prioritizes pressing items of interest related to quality of care.
c. Individual nurses enact an Iowa decision tree when they examine risk management data.
d. It identifies triggers capable of posing hazard or benefit.
e. It reiterates that innovators embrace change far earlier than laggards.

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Q7

[Multiple Response] The nurse is conducting a review of the literature for pain management techniques. Which of the following would the nurse consider when conducting research that yields solid EBP? (Select all that apply.)
a. Search the literature to uncover evidence to answer the question.
b. Evaluate the outcome.
c. Use the nursing process to evaluate evidence.
d. Evaluate the evidence found.
e. Develop an answerable question.
f. Develop a question that has not been answered.
g. Apply the evidence to the practice situation.

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