Quiz 15: Perfusion

Concepts For Nursing Practice

Nursing
7
Questions
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True/False
7
Choices
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Essay
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Questions

Q1
Free

The nurse is explaining to a student nurse about impaired central perfusion. The nurse knows the student understands this problem when the student states, Central perfusion

Multiple Choice
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A) is monitored only by the physician.
B) involves the entire body.
C) is decreased with hypertension.
D) is toxic to the cardiac system.
Answer:
B) involves the entire body.

Explanation:
Central perfusion does involve the entire body as all organs are supplied with oxygen and vital nutrients. The physician does not control the bodys ability for perfusion. Central perfusion is not decreased with hypertension. Central perfusion is not toxic to the cardiac system.
Q2
Free

A patient was diagnosed with hypertension. The patient asks the nurse how this disease could have happened to them. The nurses best response is Hypertension

Multiple Choice
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A) happens to everyone sooner or later. Dont be concerned about it.
B) can happen from eating a poor diet, so change what you are eating.
C) can happen from arterial changes that impede the blood flow.
D) happens when people do not exercise, so you should walk every day.
Answer:
C) can happen from arterial changes that impede the blood flow.

Explanation:
Hardening of the arteries from atherosclerosis can cause hypertension in the patient. Hypertension does not happen to everyone. Changing the patients diet and exercising may be a positive life change, but these answers do not explain to the patient how the disease could have happened.
Q3
Free

The patient asks the nurse to explain the sinoatrial node in the heart. The nurses best response would be, The sinoatrial node

Multiple Choice
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A) provides the heart with the stimulation to beat in a normal rhythm.
B) protects the heart from atherosclerotic changes.
C) provides the heart with oxygenated blood.
D) protects the heart from infection.
Answer:
A) provides the heart with the stimulation to beat in a normal rhythm.

Explanation:
The sinoatrial node is the natural pacemaker of the heart, and it assists the heart to beat in a normal rhythm. The sinoatrial node does not protect from atherosclerotic changes or infection, and it does not directly provide the heart with oxygenated blood.
Q4

The patient is brought to the emergency department after a motor vehicle accident. The patient is diagnosed with internal bleeding. The nurses primary concern is to monitor for

Multiple Choice
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A) mental alertness.
B) perfusion.
C) pain.
D) reaction to medications.
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Q5

A patients serum electrolytes are being monitored. The nurse notices that the potassium level is low. The nurse knows that the patient should be observed for

Multiple Choice
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A) tissue ischemia.
B) brain malformations.
C) intestinal blockage.
D) cardiac dysthymia.
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Q6

A nurse is explaining to a student nurse about perfusion. The nurse knows the student understands the concept of perfusion when the student states, Perfusion

Multiple Choice
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A) is a normal function of the body, and I dont have to be concerned about it.
B) is monitored by the physician, and I just follow orders.
C) is monitored by vital signs and capillary refill.
D) varies as a person ages, so I would expect changes in the body.
Answer:

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Q7

The nurse is conducting a patient assessment. The patient tells the nurse that he has smoked two packs of cigarettes per day for 27 years. The nurse may find which data upon assessment?

Multiple Choice
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A) Blood pressure above the normal range
B) Bounding pedal pulses
C) Night blindness
D) Reflux disease
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