Quiz 22: Infection

Concepts For Nursing Practice

Nursing
7
Questions
0
True/False
5
Choices
2
Essay
Quiz Mode
Quiz Mode is disabled becuase you need to unlock this quiz first.

Quiz Mode allows you to practice the quiz as a real exam, you'll have a timer, answers will be hidden, you'll be allowed to fill your answers, get the result at the end and store your results.

Questions

Q1
Free

The nurse is working on a plan of care with her patient which includes turning and positioning and adequate nutrition to help the patient maintain intact skin integrity. The nurse helps the patient to realize that this breaks the chain of infection by eliminating a

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) host.
B) mode of transmission.
C) portal of entry.
D) reservoir.
Answer:
C) portal of entry.

Explanation:
Broken or impaired skin creates a portal of entry for pathogens. By maintaining intact tissue, the patient and the nurse have broken the chain of infection by eliminating a portal of entry. Host is incorrect because you are not eliminating the person or organism. Intact tissue does not eliminate the mode of transmission. Skin can still be used to transfer pathogens regardless of it being intact or broken. Intact skin does not eliminate the location for pathogens to live and grow.
Q2
Free

While reviewing the complete blood count (CBC) of a patient on her unit, the nurse notes elevated basophil and eosinophil readings. The nurse realizes that this is most indicative of a _____ infection.

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) bacterial
B) fungal
C) parasitic
D) viral
Answer:
C) parasitic

Explanation:
Parasitic infections are frequently indicated on a CBC by elevated basophil and eosinophil levels. Bacterial infections do not lead to elevated basophil and eosinophil levels but elevated B and T lymphocytes, neutrophils, and monocytes. Fungal infections do not lead to elevated basophil and eosinophil levels. Viral infections create elevations in B and T lymphocytes, neutrophils, and monocytes.
Q3
Free

Which set of assessment data is consistent for a patient with severe infection that could lead to system failure?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) Blood pressure (BP) 92/52, pulse (P) 56 beats/min, respiratory rate (RR) 10 breaths/min, urine output 1200 mL in past 24 hours
B) BP 90/48, P 112 beats/min, RR 26 breaths/min, urine output 240 mL in past 24 hours
C) BP 112/64, P 98 beats/min, RR 18 breaths/min, urine output 2400 mL in past 24 hours
D) BP 152/90, P 52 beats/min, RR 12 breaths/min, urine output 4800 mL in past 24 hours
Answer:
B) BP 90/48, P 112 beats/min, RR 26 breaths/min, urine output 240 mL in past 24 hours

Explanation:
The patient with severe infection presents with low BP and compensating elevations in pulse to move lower volumes of blood more rapidly and respiration to increase access to oxygen. Urine output decreases to counteract the decreased circulating blood volume and hypotension. These vital signs are all too low: Blood pressure (BP) 92/52, pulse (P) 56 beats/min, respiratory rate (RR) 10 breaths/min, urine output 1200 mL in past 24 hours. The patient with severe infection does have a low BP, but the pulse and respiratory rate increase to compensate. This data is all within normal limits: BP 112/64, P 98 beats/min, RR 18 breaths/min, urine output 2400 mL in past 24 hours. This set of data reflects an elevated BP with a decrease in pulse and respiratory rates along with normal urine output: BP 152/90, P 52 beats/min, RR 12 breaths/min, urine output 4800 mL in past 24 hours. None of these is a typical response to severe infection.
Q4

A nurse is teaching a group of businesspeople about disease transmission. He knows that he needs to reeducate when one of the participants states which of the following?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) When traveling outside of the country, I need to be sure that I receive appropriate vaccinations.
B) Food and water supplies in foreign countries can contain microorganisms to which my body is not accustomed and has no resistance.
C) If I dont feel sick, then I dont have to worry about transmitted diseases.
D) I need to be sure to have good hygiene practices when traveling in crowded planes and trains.
Answer:

A) You need to subscribe to get the answer.


Explanation:

You cannot see the question answer before you subscribe, please create an account and subscribe to one of our plans to get access to the answer.

Q5

In order to provide the best intervention for a patient, the nurse is often responsible for obtaining a sample of exudate for culture. This test will identify

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) whether a patient has an infection.
B) where an infection is located.
C) what cells are being utilized by the body to attack an infection.
D) what specific type of pathogen is causing an infection.
Answer:

A) You need to subscribe to get the answer.


Explanation:

You cannot see the question answer before you subscribe, please create an account and subscribe to one of our plans to get access to the answer.

Q6

[Multiple Response] The nurse is caring for a patient with a diagnosed case of Clostridium difficile. The nurse expects to implement which of the following interventions? (Select all that apply.)
a. Administration of protease inhibitors
b. Use of personal protective equipment
c. Patient teaching on methods to inhibit transmission
d. Preventing visitors from entering the room
e. Administration of intravenous fluids
f. Strict monitoring of intake and output

Essay
expand_more
Answer:

You cannot see the question answer before you subscribe, please create an account and subscribe to one of our plans to get access to the answer.


Explanation:

You cannot see the question answer before you subscribe, please create an account and subscribe to one of our plans to get access to the answer.

Q7

[Multiple Response] Individuals of low socioeconomic status are at an increased risk for infection because of which of the following? (Select all that apply.)
a. Uninsured or underinsured status
b. Easy access to health screenings
c. High cost of medications
d. Inadequate nutrition

Essay
expand_more
Answer:

You cannot see the question answer before you subscribe, please create an account and subscribe to one of our plans to get access to the answer.


Explanation:

You cannot see the question answer before you subscribe, please create an account and subscribe to one of our plans to get access to the answer.

Related Quizzes

Nursing
7 Questions
bookmark lock_open
Nursing
7 Questions
bookmark lock_open
Nursing
7 Questions
bookmark lock_open
Nursing
7 Questions
bookmark lock_open
Nursing
7 Questions
bookmark lock_open