Quiz 1: Development

Concepts For Nursing Practice

Nursing
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True/False
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Questions

Q1
Free

The nurse manager of a pediatric clinic could confirm that the new nurse recognized the purpose of the HEADSS Adolescent Risk Profile when the new nurse responds that it is used to assess for needs related to

Multiple Choice
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A) anticipatory guidance.
B) low-risk adolescents.
C) physical development.
D) sexual development.
Answer:
A) anticipatory guidance.

Explanation:
The HEADSS Adolescent Risk Profile is a psychosocial assessment screening tool which assesses home, education, activities, drugs, sex, and suicide for the purpose of identifying high-risk adolescents and the need for anticipatory guidance. It is used to identify high-risk, not low-risk, adolescents. Physical development is assessed with anthropometric data. Sexual development is assessed using physical examination.
Q2
Free

The nurse preparing a teaching plan for a preschooler knows that, according to Piaget, the expected stage of development for a preschooler is

Multiple Choice
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A) concrete operational.
B) formal operational.
C) preoperational.
D) sensorimotor.
Answer:
C) preoperational.

Explanation:
The expected stage of development for a preschooler (3 to 4 years old) is preoperational. Concrete operational describes the thinking of a school-age child (7 to 11 years old). Formal operational describes the thinking of an individual after about 11 years of age. Sensorimotor describes the earliest pattern of thinking from birth to 2 years old.
Q3
Free

The school nurse talking with a high school class about the difference between growth and development would best describe growth as

Multiple Choice
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A) processes by which early cells specialize.
B) psychosocial and cognitive changes.
C) qualitative changes associated with aging.
D) quantitative changes in size or weight.
Answer:
D) quantitative changes in size or weight.

Explanation:
Growth is a quantitative change in which an increase in cell number and size results in an increase in overall size or weight of the body or any of its parts. The processes by which early cells specialize are referred to asdifferentiation. Psychosocial and cognitive changes are referred to as development. Qualitative changes associated with aging are referred to as maturation.
Q4

The most appropriate response of the nurse when a mother asks what the Denver II does is that it

Multiple Choice
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A) can diagnose developmental disabilities.
B) identifies a need for physical therapy.
C) is a developmental screening tool.
D) provides a framework for health teaching.
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Q5

To plan early intervention and care for an infant with Down syndrome, the nurse considers knowledge of other physical development exemplars such as

Multiple Choice
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A) cerebral palsy.
B) failure to thrive.
C) fetal alcohol syndrome.
D) hydrocephaly.
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Q6

To plan early intervention and care for a child with a developmental delay, the nurse would consider knowledge of the concepts most significantly impacted by development, including

Multiple Choice
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A) culture.
B) environment.
C) functional status.
D) nutrition.
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Q7

A mother complains to the nurse at the pediatric clinic that her 4-year-old child always talks to her toys and makes up stories. The mother wants her child to have a psychologic evaluation. The nurses best initial response is to

Multiple Choice
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A) refer the child to a psychologist.
B) explain that playing make believe with dolls and people is normal at this age.
C) complete a developmental screening.
D) separate the child from the mother to get more information.
Answer:

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Q8

A 17-year-old girl is hospitalized for appendicitis, and her mother asks the nurse why she is so needy and acting like a child. The best response of the nurse is that in the hospital, adolescents

Multiple Choice
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A) have separation anxiety.
B) rebel against rules.
C) regress because of stress.
D) want to know everything.
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