Quiz 3: Systems Design: Job-Order Costing

Managerial Accounting

Business
117
Questions
15
True/False
93
Choices
9
Essay
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Quiz Materials

Use the following to answer questions 57-60:
The accounting records of Omar Company contained the following information for last year:
Beginning Ending
Direct materials inventory ......................... $9,000 $7,000
Work in process inventory ........................ $17,000 $31,000
Finished goods inventory .......................... $10,000 $15,000
Manufacturing costs incurred
Direct materials used ................................. $72,000
Overhead applied ...................................... $24,000
Direct labor cost (10,000 hours) ................ $80,000
Depreciation .............................................. $10,000
Rent ........................................................... $12,000
Taxes ......................................................... $8,000
Cost of goods sold ..................................... $157,000*
*
Selling and administrative costs incurred
Advertising ................................................ $35,000
Rent ........................................................... $20,000
Clerical ...................................................... $25,000
*Does not include over- or underapplied overhead.


Use the following to answer questions 61-64:
At the beginning of the current year, Garber Corporation estimated that its manufacturing
overhead would be $70,000 and the activity level would be 10,000 machine-hours. The level
of activity at capacity is 14,000 machine-hours. The actual manufacturing overhead for the
year was $63,300 and the actual level of activity was 10,100 machine-hours.


Use the following to answer questions 65-67:
Acton Corporation, which applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of machine-hours, has
provided the following data for its most recent year of operations.
Estimated manufacturing overhead ....................... $139,080
Estimated machine-hours ...................................... 3,800
Actual manufacturing overhead ............................ $137,000
Actual machine-hours ........................................... 3,780
The estimates of the manufacturing overhead and of machine-hours were made at the
beginning of the year for the purpose of computing the company's predetermined overhead
rate for the year.


Use the following to answer questions 68-70:
Baker Corporation applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of direct labor-hours. At the
beginning of the most recent year, the company based its predetermined overhead rate on total
estimated overhead of $210,600 and 6,000 estimated direct labor-hours. Actual manufacturing
overhead for the year amounted to $209,000 and actual direct labor-hours were 5,980.


Use the following to answer questions 71-73:
Caber Corporation applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of machine-hours. At the
beginning of the most recent year, the company based its predetermined overhead rate on total
estimated overhead of $60,600. Actual manufacturing overhead for the year amounted to
$59,000 and actual machine-hours were 5,900. The company's predetermined overhead rate
for the year was $10.10 per machine-hour.


Use the following to answer questions 74-76:
Dapper Company had only one job in process on May 1. The job had been charged with
$3,400 of direct materials, $4,640 of direct labor, and $9,200 of manufacturing overhead cost.
The company assigns overhead cost to jobs using the predetermined overhead rate of $23.00
per direct labor-hour.
During May, the activity was recorded:
Raw materials (all direct materials):
Beginning balance ....................................................... $8,500
Purchased during the month ........................................ $42,000
Used in production ...................................................... $48,500
Labor:
Direct labor-hours worked during the month .............. 2,200
Direct labor cost incurred ............................................ $25,520
Actual manufacturing overhead costs incurred .............. $52,800
Inventories:
Raw materials, May 30 ............................................... ?
Work in process, May 30 ............................................ $32,190
Work in process inventory on May 30 contains $7,540 of direct labor cost. Raw materials
consist solely of items that are classified as direct materials.


Use the following to answer questions 77-80:
The direct labor rate in Brent Company is $9.00 per hour, and manufacturing overhead is
applied to products using a predetermined overhead rate of $6.00 per direct labor hour.
During May, the company purchased $60,000 in raw materials (all direct materials) and
worked 3,200 direct labor hours. The Raw Materials inventory (all direct materials) decreased
by $3,000 between the beginning and end of May. The Work in Process inventory on May 1
consisted of one job which had been charged with $4,000 in direct materials and on which
300 hours of direct labor time had been worked. There was no Work in Process inventory on
May 31.


Use the following to answer questions 81-84:
Chelm Music Company manufactures violins, violas, cellos, and fiddles and uses a job-order
cost system.


Use the following to answer questions 85-89:
The following partially completed T-accounts summarize transactions for Western Company
during the year:
Raw Material
Beg Bal 3,000 8,000
5,000
7,000
Finished Goods
Beg Bal 9,000 20,000
25,000
Work in Process
Beg Bal 6,000 25,000
6,500
9,000
7,000
Wages & Salaries Payable
10,000 2,000 Beg Bal
12,000
Manufacturing Overhead
1,500 7,000
2,000
750
3,000
Cost of Goods Sold
20,000


Use the following to answer questions 90-91:
Kapanga Manufacturing Company uses a job-order costing system and started the month of
October with a zero balance in its work in process and finished goods inventory accounts.
During October, Kapanga worked on three jobs and incurred the following direct costs on
those jobs:
Job B18 Job B19 Job C11
Direct materials ............................. $12,000 $25,000 $18,000
Direct labor .................................... $8,000 $10,000 $5,000
Kapanga applies manufacturing overhead at a rate of 150% of direct labor cost. During
October, Kapanga completed Jobs B18 and B19 and sold Job B19.


Use the following to answer questions 92-95:
Dillon Company applies manufacturing overhead to jobs using a predetermined overhead rate
of 75% of direct labor cost. Any under or overapplied overhead cost is closed out to Cost of
Goods Sold at the end of the month. During May, the following transactions were recorded by
the company:
Raw materials (all direct materials):
Purchased during the month ........................................ $38,000
Used in production ...................................................... $35,000
Labor:
Direct labor hours worked during the month .............. 3,150
Direct labor cost incurred ............................................ $30,000
Manufacturing overhead cost incurred (total) ................ $24,500
Inventories:
Raw materials (all direct), May 31 .............................. $8,000
Work in process, May 1 .............................................. $9,000
Work in process, May 31 ............................................ $12,000*
*Contains $4,400 in direct labor cost.


Use the following to answer questions 96-98:
Farber Corporation uses a job-order cost system. The information below is from the financial
records of the company for last year:
Total manufacturing costs ......................... $2,500,000
Cost of goods manufactured ...................... $2,425,000
Predetermined overhead rate ..................... 80% of direct labor cost
Applied overhead was 30% of total manufacturing costs. The Work in Process inventory at
January 1 was 75% of the Work in Process inventory at December 31.


Use the following to answer questions 99-101:
Killian Company began operations on January 1. The predetermined overhead rate was set at
$6.00 per direct labor-hour. Debits to Work in Process for the year totaled $550,000. Credits
to Work in Process totaled $480,000. Analysis of the Company's records indicates that direct
labor cost totaled $250,000 for the year, which represents 20,000 direct labor-hours.


Use the following to answer questions 102-103:
Echo Corporation uses a job-order costing system and applies overhead to jobs using a
predetermined overhead rate. During the year the company's Finished Goods inventory
account was debited for $360,000 and credited for $338,800. The ending balance in the
Finished Goods inventory account was $36,600. At the end of the year, manufacturing
overhead was overapplied by $15,900.


Use the following to answer questions 104-108:
The following partially completed T-accounts summarize transactions for Farwest Company
during the year:
Raw Materials
Beg Bal 4,700 10,000
6,900
Finished Goods
Beg Bal 1,900 22,900
26,300
Work in Process
Beg Bal 4,600 26,300
7,400
8,000
6,800
Manufacturing Overhead
2,600 6,800
3,000
1,900
Wages & Salaries Payable
12,300 1,400 Beg Bal
11,000
Cost of Goods Sold
22,900


Questions

Q1
Free

Hartness Company's quality cost report is to be based on the following data:
Depreciation of test equipment ........................................ $75,000
Rework labor and overhead ............................................. $11,000
Quality circles .................................................................. $46,000
Quality training................................................................ $94,000
Test and inspection of incoming materials ...................... $64,000
Product recalls ................................................................. $71,000
Net cost of scrap .............................................................. $12,000
Re-entering data because of keying errors ...................... $52,000
Cost of field servicing and handling complaints ............. $25,000
Required:
Prepare a Quality Cost Report in good form with separate sections for prevention
costs, appraisal costs, internal failure costs, and external failure costs.

Essay
expand_more
Answer:
Prevention costs Quality training ............................................................ $ 94,000 Quality circles .............................................................. 46,000 Total ................................................................................ 140,000 Appraisal costs Depreciation of test equipment .................................... 75,000 Test and inspection of incoming materials ................... 64,000 Total ................................................................................ 139,000 Internal failure costs Rework labor and overhead ......................................... 11,000 Net cost of scrap ........................................................... 12,000 Re-entering data because of keying errors ................... 52,000 Total ................................................................................ 75,000 External failure costs Product recalls .............................................................. 71,000 Cost of field servicing and handling complaints .......... 25,000 Total ................................................................................ 96,000 Total quality cost ............................................................. $450,000
Q2
Free

Process costing is used in those situations where many different products or services
are produced each period to customer specifications.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:
False
Q3
Free

The basic approach in job-order costing is to accumulate costs in a particular operation
or department for an entire period (month, quarter, year) and then to divide this total
by the number of units produced during the period.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:
False
Q4

If a company uses predetermined overhead rates, actual manufacturing overhead costs
of a period will be recorded in the Manufacturing Overhead account, but they will not
be recorded on the job cost sheets for the period.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q5

In a job-order cost system, indirect labor is assigned to a job by using the labor time
ticket as a source document.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q6

The formula for computing the predetermined overhead rate is:
Estimated total units in base ÷ Estimated total manufacturing costs

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q7

The fact that one department may be labor intensive while another department is
machine intensive may explain in part the existence of multiple predetermined
overhead rates in larger companies.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q8

If a company closes any under- or overapplied overhead to the Cost of Goods Sold
account, then Cost of Goods Sold will be credited if manufacturing overhead is
overapplied for the period.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q9

The following entry would be used to record the transfer of material from the
storeroom to production if 80% of the material was direct material and 20% was
indirect material:
Work in Process ............................. 40,000
Manufacturing Overhead ............... 10,000
Raw Material ........................ 50,000

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q10

If a job is not completed at the end of the year, then no manufacturing overhead cost
should be applied to that job.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q11

When raw materials are purchased, they are recorded as an expense.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q12

In a job-order cost system, depreciation on factory equipment should be charged
directly to the Work in Process account.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q13

The entire difference between the actual manufacturing overhead cost for a period and
the applied manufacturing overhead cost is typically closed to the Work In Process
account.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q14

If the actual manufacturing overhead costs for a period exceed the manufacturing
overhead costs applied, then overhead would be considered to be overapplied.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q15

When the predetermined overhead rate is based on the level of activity at capacity, the
overhead underapplied may be called the Cost of Unused Capacity and treated as a
period expense.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q16

The absorption cost approach is so named because it provides for the absorption of all
manufacturing costs, fixed and variable, into units of product.

True/False
expand_more
A) True.
B) False.
Answer:

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Q17

Which of the following industries would be most likely to use a process costing
system?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) Ship builder
B) Movie studio
C) Oil refinery
D) Hospital
Answer:

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Q18

A process cost system is employed in those situations where:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) many different products, jobs, or batches of production are being produced each period.
B) where manufacturing involves a single, homogeneous product that flows evenly through the production process on a continuous basis.
C) a service is performed such as in a law firm or an accounting firm.
D) full or absorption cost approach is not employed.
Answer:

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Q19

Emco Company uses direct labor cost as a basis for computing its predetermined
overhead rate. In computing the predetermined overhead rate for last year, the
company misclassified a portion of direct labor cost as indirect labor. The effect of this
misclassification will be to:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) understate the predetermined overhead rate.
B) overstate the predetermined overhead rate.
C) have no effect on the predetermined overhead rate.
D) cannot be determined from the information given.
Answer:

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Q20

Which of the following entries would record correctly the application of overhead
cost?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) Work in Process .................................. XXX Accounts Payable ...................... XXX
B) Manufacturing Overhead .................... XXX Accounts Payable ...................... XXX
C) Manufacturing Overhead .................... XXX Work in Process ......................... XXX
D) Work in Process .................................. XXX Manufacturing Overhead ........... XXX
Answer:

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Q21

The operations of Kalispell Company resulted in overapplied overhead for the month
just completed. Which of the following journal entries can be correct if Kalispell
allocates under- or overapplied overhead among accounts?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) Cost of Goods Sold ................................. XXX Manufacturing Overhead ............... XXX
B) Manufacturing Overhead ........................ XXX Cost of Goods Sold ........................ XXX
C) Work in Process ...................................... XXX Finished Goods ....................................... XXX Cost of Goods Sold ........................ XXX Manufacturing Overhead ............... XXX
D) Manufacturing Overhead ........................ XXX Work in Process ............................. XXX Finished Goods .............................. XXX Cost of Goods Sold ........................ XXX
Answer:

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Q22

Which of the following entries would record correctly the monthly salaries earned by
the top management of a manufacturing company?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) Manufacturing Overhead ........................... XXX Salaries and Wages Payable ............. XXX
B) Salaries Expense ........................................ XXX Salaries and Wages Payable ............. XXX
C) Work in Process ......................................... XXX Salaries and Wages Payable ............. XXX
D) Salaries and Wages Payable ....................... XXX Salaries Expense ............................... XXX
Answer:

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Q23

The journal entry to record applying overhead during the production process is:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) Manufacturing Overhead .................................... XXX Work In Process ......................................... XXX
B) Finished Goods ................................................... XXX Manufacturing Overhead ........................... XXX
C) Manufacturing Overhead .................................... XXX Finished Goods .......................................... XXX
D) Work In Process .................................................. XXX Manufacturing Overhead ........................... XXX
Answer:

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Q24

When manufacturing overhead is applied to production, it is added to:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) the Cost of Goods Sold account.
B) the Raw Materials account.
C) the Work in Process account.
D) the Finished Goods inventory account.
Answer:

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Q25

Which of the following statements is true?
I. Overhead application may be made slowly as a job is worked on.
II. Overhead application may be made in a single application at the time of
completion of the job.
III. Overhead application should be made to any job not completed at year-end in
order to properly value the work in process inventory.

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) Only statement I is true.
B) Only statement II is true.
C) Both statements I and II are true.
D) Statements I, II, and III are all true.
Answer:

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Q26

On the Schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured, the final Cost of Goods
Manufactured figure represents:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) the amount of cost charged to Work in Process during the period.
B) the amount of cost transferred from Finished Goods to Cost of Goods Sold during the period.
C) the amount of cost placed into production during the period.
D) the amount of cost of goods completed during the current year whether they were started before or during the current year.
Answer:

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Q27

Under a job-order costing system, the dollar amount transferred from Work in Process
to Finished Goods is the sum of the costs charged to all jobs:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) started in process during the period.
B) in process during the period.
C) completed and sold during the period.
D) completed during the period.
Answer:

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Q28

If a company applies overhead to production on the basis of a predetermined rate, a
debit balance in the Manufacturing Overhead account at the end of the period means
that:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) actual overhead cost was greater than the amount charged to production.
B) actual overhead cost was less than the amount of direct labor cost.
C) more overhead cost has been charged to production than has been charged to finished goods during the period.
D) actual overhead cost was less than the amount charged to production.
Answer:

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Q29

Overapplied overhead means that:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) the applied overhead cost was less than the actual overhead cost.
B) the applied overhead cost was greater than the actual overhead cost.
C) the estimated overhead cost was less than the actual overhead cost.
D) the estimated overhead cost was less than the applied overhead cost.
Answer:

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Q30

A job order cost system uses a predetermined overhead rate based on estimated
activity and estimated manufacturing overhead cost. At the end of the year,
underapplied overhead might be explained by which of the following situations?
Actual activity Actual manufacturing overhead costs

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) Greater than estimated Greater than estimated
B) Greater than estimated Less than estimated
C) Less than estimated Greater than estimated
D) Less than estimated Less than estimated
Answer:

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Q31

Departmental overhead rates are generally preferred to plant-wide overhead rates
when:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) the activities of the various departments in the plant are not homogeneous.
B) the activities of the various departments in the plant are homogeneous.
C) most of the overhead costs are fixed.
D) all departments in the plant are heavily automated.
Answer:

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Q32

The Work in Process inventory account of a manufacturing company shows a balance
of $18,000 at the end of an accounting period. The job cost sheets of the two
uncompleted jobs show charges of $6,000 and $3,000 for materials, and charges of
$4,000 and $2,000 for direct labor. From this information, it appears that the company
is using a predetermined overhead rate, as a percentage of direct labor costs, of:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) 50%
B) 200%
C) 300%
D) 20%
Answer:

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Q33

Blackwood Co. uses a predetermined overhead rate based on direct labor cost to apply
manufacturing overhead to jobs. The predetermined overhead rates for the year are
200% for Department A and 50% for Department B. Job 123, started and completed
during the year, was charged with the following costs:
Dept. A Dept. B
Direct materials ............................. $25,000 $5,000
Direct labor .................................... ? $30,000
Manufacturing overhead ................ $40,000 ?
The total manufacturing costs associated with Job 123 should be:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $135,000
B) $180,000
C) $195,000
D) $240,000 Source: CPA, adapted
Answer:

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Q34

Fisher Company uses a predetermined overhead rate based on direct labor cost to
apply manufacturing overhead to jobs. The following information about Fisher
Company's Work in Process inventory account has been provided for the month of
May:
May 1 balance ........................................... $26,000
Debits during May:
Direct Materials ...................................... $40,000
Direct Labor ........................................... $50,000
Manufacturing Overhead ........................ $37,500
During the month, Fisher Company's Work in Process inventory account was credited
for $120,500, which represented the Cost of Goods Manufactured for the month. Only
one job remained in process on May 31; this job had been charged with $9,600 of
applied overhead cost. The amount of direct materials cost in the unfinished job would
be:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $10,600
B) $16,700
C) $12,800
D) $23,400
Answer:

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Q35

At the beginning of the year, manufacturing overhead for the year was estimated to be
$477,590. At the end of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 29,000
hours, the actual manufacturing overhead for the year was $472,590, and
manufacturing overhead for the year was overapplied by $110. If the predetermined
overhead rate is based on direct labor-hours, then the estimated direct labor-hours at
the beginning of the year used in the predetermined overhead rate must have been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) 29,300 direct labor-hours
B) 28,987 direct labor-hours
C) 28,993 direct labor-hours
D) 29,000 direct labor-hours
Answer:

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Q36

At the beginning of the year, manufacturing overhead for the year was estimated to be
$670,700. At the end of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 36,200
hours, the actual manufacturing overhead for the year was $665,700, and
manufacturing overhead for the year was overapplied by $22,100. If the predetermined
overhead rate is based on direct labor-hours, then the estimated direct labor-hours at
the beginning of the year used in the predetermined overhead rate must have been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) 35,037 direct labor-hours
B) 35,300 direct labor-hours
C) 36,200 direct labor-hours
D) 33,874 direct labor-hours
Answer:

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Q37

At the beginning of the year, manufacturing overhead for the year was estimated to be
$670,530. At the end of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 29,400
hours, the actual manufacturing overhead for the year was $665,530, and
manufacturing overhead for the year was underapplied by $27,550. If the
predetermined overhead rate is based on direct labor-hours, then the estimated direct
labor-hours at the beginning of the year used in the predetermined overhead rate must
have been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) 30,900 direct labor-hours
B) 29,400 direct labor-hours
C) 30,670 direct labor-hours
D) 31,939 direct labor-hours
Answer:

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Q38

Bradbeer Corporation uses direct labor-hours in its predetermined overhead rate. At
the beginning of the year, the estimated direct labor-hours were 17,500 hours. At the
end of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 16,000 hours, the actual
manufacturing overhead for the year was $233,000, and manufacturing overhead for
the year was underapplied by $15,400. The estimated manufacturing overhead at the
beginning of the year used in the predetermined overhead rate must have been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $249,375
B) $217,600
C) $228,000
D) $238,000
Answer:

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Q39

Braam Corporation uses direct labor-hours in its predetermined overhead rate. At the
beginning of the year, the estimated direct labor-hours were 11,500 hours. At the end
of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 9,700 hours, the actual
manufacturing overhead for the year was $143,350, and manufacturing overhead for
the year was underapplied by $18,220. The estimated manufacturing overhead at the
beginning of the year used in the predetermined overhead rate must have been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $164,023
B) $125,130
C) $148,350
D) $138,350
Answer:

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Q40

Braaten Corporation uses direct labor-hours in its predetermined overhead rate. At the
beginning of the year, the estimated direct labor-hours were 14,100 hours. At the end
of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 13,500 hours, the actual
manufacturing overhead for the year was $291,100, and manufacturing overhead for
the year was underapplied by $7,600. The estimated manufacturing overhead at the
beginning of the year used in the predetermined overhead rate must have been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $286,100
B) $296,100
C) $298,816
D) $283,500
Answer:

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Q41

Cribb Corporation uses direct labor-hours in its predetermined overhead rate. At the
beginning of the year, the estimated direct labor-hours were 17,900 hours and the total
estimated manufacturing overhead was $341,890. At the end of the year, actual direct
labor-hours for the year were 16,700 hours and the actual manufacturing overhead for
the year was $336,890. Overhead at the end of the year was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $22,920 underapplied
B) $17,920 overapplied
C) $17,920 underapplied
D) $22,920 overapplied
Answer:

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Q42

Crich Corporation uses direct labor-hours in its predetermined overhead rate. At the
beginning of the year, the estimated direct labor-hours were 21,800 hours and the total
estimated manufacturing overhead was $497,040. At the end of the year, actual direct
labor-hours for the year were 21,500 hours and the actual manufacturing overhead for
the year was $492,040. Overhead at the end of the year was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $6,840 overapplied
B) $6,840 underapplied
C) $1,840 underapplied
D) $1,840 overapplied
Answer:

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Q43

Crick Corporation uses direct labor-hours in its predetermined overhead rate. At the
beginning of the year, the estimated direct labor-hours were 14,400 hours and the total
estimated manufacturing overhead was $355,680. At the end of the year, actual direct
labor-hours for the year were 15,200 hours and the actual manufacturing overhead for
the year was $350,680. Overhead at the end of the year was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $24,760 underapplied
B) $24,760 overapplied
C) $19,760 underapplied
D) $19,760 overapplied
Answer:

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Q44

Dagger Corporation uses direct labor-hours in its predetermined overhead rate. At the
beginning of the year, the total estimated manufacturing overhead was $423,870. At
the end of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 19,400 hours,
manufacturing overhead for the year was underapplied by $5,650, and the actual
manufacturing overhead was $418,870. The predetermined overhead rate for the year
must have been closest to:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $21.59
B) $20.76
C) $21.30
D) $21.85
Answer:

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Q45

Daget Corporation uses direct labor-hours in its predetermined overhead rate. At the
beginning of the year, the total estimated manufacturing overhead was $364,140. At
the end of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 24,000 hours,
manufacturing overhead for the year was overapplied by $8,060, and the actual
manufacturing overhead was $359,140. The predetermined overhead rate for the year
must have been closest to:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $15.43
B) $15.30
C) $15.17
D) $14.96
Answer:

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Q46

Dafoe Corporation uses direct labor-hours in its predetermined overhead rate. At the
beginning of the year, the total estimated manufacturing overhead was $221,100. At
the end of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 14,400 hours,
manufacturing overhead for the year was overapplied by $21,500, and the actual
manufacturing overhead was $216,100. The predetermined overhead rate for the year
must have been closest to:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $15.01
B) $17.73
C) $15.35
D) $16.50
Answer:

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Q47

Juanita Corporation uses a job-order cost system and applies overhead on the basis of
direct labor cost. At the end of October, Juanita had one job still in process. The job
cost sheet for this job contained the following information:
Direct materials ........................................... $480
Direct labor .................................................. $150
Manufacturing overhead applied ................. $600
An additional $100 of labor was needed in November to complete this job. For this
job, how much should Juanita have transferred to finished goods inventory in
November when it was completed?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $1,330
B) $500
C) $1,230
D) $1,730
Answer:

A) You need to subscribe to get the answer.

Q48

Wall Company uses a predetermined overhead rate based on direct labor hours to
apply manufacturing overhead to jobs. The company's estimated costs for the next
year are:
Direct materials ..................................................... $3,000
Direct labor ............................................................ $20,000
Depreciation on factory equipment ....................... $6,000
Rent on factory ...................................................... $12,000
Sales salaries .......................................................... $29,000
Factory utilities ...................................................... $15,000
Indirect labor ......................................................... $6,000
It is estimated that 10,000 direct labor hours will be worked during the year. The
predetermined overhead rate will be:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $3.90
B) $5.90
C) $6.80
D) $9.10
Answer:

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Q49

The following information relates to Spock Manufacturing Company:
Total estimated manufacturing overhead at beginning of year .. $620,000
Total manufacturing overhead applied to production during
the year .................................................................................... $625,000
Total manufacturing overhead incurred during the year ............ $618,000
The company closes out the balance in the Manufacturing Overhead to Cost of Goods
Sold at the end of the year. In the journal entry to close out the balance, the company
would:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) debit cost of goods sold for $2,000
B) credit cost of goods sold for $2,000
C) credit cost of goods sold for $7,000
D) debit cost of goods sold for $7,000
Answer:

A) You need to subscribe to get the answer.

Q50

Rio Manufacturing Company uses a job order cost system. At the beginning of
February, Rio only had one job in process, Job #594. The direct costs assigned to this
job at that time were $800 of materials and $650 of labor. Job #594 was finished
during February incurring additional direct costs of $120 for materials and $370 for
labor. Job #595 was started and finished during February. The direct costs assigned to
this job were $310 for materials and $190 for labor. Job #596 was started during
February but was not finished by the end of the month. The direct costs assigned to
this job were $740 for materials and $300 for labor. Rio applies manufacturing
overhead to its products at a rate of 200% of direct labor cost. What is Rio's cost of
goods manufactured for February?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $2,440
B) $3,750
C) $4,860
D) $6,500
Answer:

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Q51

Serenje Manufacturing Company produces nameplates and uses a job-order cost
system. The following amounts relate to nameplate production for the month of June:
Work in process inventory, June 1 ...................................................... $620
Cost of materials directly assigned to production during June ........... $1,800
Cost of labor directly assigned to production during June .................. $1,200
Cost of nameplates completed during June ......................................... $4,300
Serenje applies overhead at a predetermined overhead rate of 60% of direct material
cost. At the end of June, only one job was in Work in Process inventory. This job had
been charged with $150 of direct material cost. What is the direct labor cost assigned
to this job?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $100
B) $160
C) $225
D) $530
Answer:

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Q52

Dukes Company used a predetermined overhead rate this year of $2 per direct labor
hour, based on an estimate of 20,000 direct labor hours to be worked during the year.
Actual costs and activity during the year were:
Actual manufacturing overhead cost incurred ................. $38,000
Actual direct labor hours worked .................................... 18,500
The under- or overapplied overhead for the year was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $1,000 underapplied
B) $1,000 overapplied
C) $3,000 underapplied
D) $3,000 overapplied
Answer:

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Q53

Sargent Company applies overhead cost to jobs on the basis of 80 percent of direct
labor cost. If Job 210 shows $10,000 of manufacturing overhead cost applied, how
much was the direct labor cost on the job?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $12,500
B) $11,000
C) $8,000
D) $10,000
Answer:

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Q54

In the Vasquez Company, any over- or underapplied overhead is closed out to Cost of
Goods Sold. Last year, the company incurred $27,000 in actual manufacturing
overhead cost, and applied $29,000 of overhead cost to jobs. The beginning and
ending balances of Finished Goods were equal, and the Company's Cost of Goods
Manufactured for the year totaled $71,000. Given this information, Cost of Goods
Sold, after adjustment for any over- or underapplied overhead, for the year must have
been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $98,000
B) $73,000
C) $71,000
D) $69,000
Answer:

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Q55

In reviewing the accounting records at year-end, Garff Company's accountant has
determined that the following items and amounts were debited to the Manufacturing
Overhead account during the year:
Factory supervisor’s salary ............................................. $8,000
Sales commissions .......................................................... $7,000
Vacation pay for the materials storeroom clerk ............. $2,000
Including the items listed above, the debits to the Manufacturing Overhead account
totaled $245,000 for the year. Credits to the account totaled $240,000 for the year.
Based on this information, if all entries had been made correctly during the year the
Manufacturing Overhead account would have been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) overapplied by $4,000
B) overapplied by $12,000
C) underapplied by $5,000
D) overapplied by $2,000
Answer:

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Q56

Compute the October cost of direct materials used if raw material purchases for the
month were $30,000 and the inventories were as follows:
Beginning Ending
Direct materials ............................. $7,000 $4,000
Work in Process ............................. $6,000 $7,500
Finished goods ............................... $10,000 $12,000
The cost of direct materials used would be:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $31,500
B) $29,500
C) $27,000
D) $33,000
Answer:

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Q57

Hardin Company's manufacturing overhead account showed a $20,000 underapplied
overhead balance on December 31. Other data as of December 31 appear below:
Cost of Goods Sold.................................................................... $800,000
Overhead applied during the year included in Cost of Goods
Sold ........................................................................................ $200,000
Overhead applied during the year in the ending balances of:
Work in Process inventory ..................................................... $80,000
Finished Goods inventory ...................................................... $120,000
If the company allocates the underapplied overhead among Cost of Goods Sold and
the appropriate inventory accounts based on the amount of overhead applied during
the year in the accounts, Cost of Goods Sold after allocation will be:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $790,000
B) $820,000
C) $810,000
D) $780,000
Answer:

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Q58

The amount of direct material purchased during the year was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $66,000
B) $70,000
C) $65,000
D) $74,000
Answer:

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Q59

The total costs added to Work in Process during the year were:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $206,000
B) $162,000
C) $176,000
D) $182,000
Answer:

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Q60

If Omar Company applies overhead to jobs on the basis of direct labor hours and Job 3
took 120 hours, how much overhead should be applied to that job?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $960
B) $360
C) $528
D) $288
Answer:

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Q61

The cost of goods manufactured for the year was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $190,000
B) $162,000
C) $168,000
D) $135,000
Answer:

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Q62

If the company bases its predetermined overhead rate on estimated machine-hours,
then its predetermined overhead rate would have been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $6.27
B) $7.00
C) $5.00
D) $6.33
Answer:

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Q63

If the company bases its predetermined overhead rate on estimated machine-hours,
then its overhead for the year would have been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $12,800 overapplied
B) $12,800 underapplied
C) $7,400 overapplied
D) $7,400 underapplied
Answer:

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Q64

If the company bases its predetermined overhead rate on machine-hours at capacity,
then its predetermined overhead rate would have been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $6.33
B) $6.27
C) $5.00
D) $7.00
Answer:

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Q65

If the company bases its predetermined overhead rate on machine-hours at capacity,
then the cost of unused capacity reported on the income statement would have been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $700
B) $7,400
C) $6,700
D) $12,800
Answer:

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Q66

The predetermined overhead rate is closest to:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $36.60
B) $36.41
C) $36.24
D) $36.05
Answer:

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Q67

The applied manufacturing overhead for the year is closest to:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $136,269
B) $138,348
C) $136,987
D) $137,630
Answer:

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Q68

The overhead for the year was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $732 underapplied
B) $1,348 underapplied
C) $732 overapplied
D) $1,348 overapplied
Answer:

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Q69

The predetermined overhead rate for the year was closest to:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $34.95
B) $34.83
C) $34.98
D) $35.10
Answer:

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Q70

The applied manufacturing overhead for the year was closest to:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $208,283
B) $209,001
C) $209,898
D) $209,180
Answer:

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Q71

The overhead for the year was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $702 underapplied
B) $898 underapplied
C) $702 overapplied
D) $898 overapplied
Answer:

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Q72

The predetermined overhead rate was based on how many estimated machine-hours?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) 5,783
B) 6,000
C) 5,900
D) 5,842
Answer:

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Q73

The applied manufacturing overhead for the year was closest to:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $58,017
B) $59,590
C) $60,600
D) $58,597
Answer:

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Q74

The overhead for the year was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $1,010 underapplied
B) $590 overapplied
C) $590 underapplied
D) $1,010 overapplied
Answer:

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Q75

The balance in the raw materials inventory account on May 30 was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $33,500
B) $2,000
C) $40,000
D) $6,500
Answer:

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Q76

The cost of goods manufactured for May was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $109,670
B) $124,620
C) $143,300
D) $126,820
Answer:

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Q77

The entry to dispose of the under- or overapplied overhead cost for the month would
include a:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) debit of $2,200 to Manufacturing Overhead
B) debit of $14,950 to Manufacturing Overhead
C) credit of $14,950 to Manufacturing Overhead
D) credit of $2,200 to Manufacturing Overhead
Answer:

A) You need to subscribe to get the answer.

Q78

The balance in the Work in Process inventory account on May 1 was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $0
B) $6,700
C) $4,500
D) $8,500
Answer:

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Q79

The debit to Work in Process for the cost of direct materials used during May was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $63,000
B) $61,000
C) $57,000
D) $67,000
Answer:

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Q80

The debit to Work in Process for direct labor cost during May was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $21,000
B) $26,100
C) $28,800
D) $31,500
Answer:

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Q81

If overhead was underapplied by $2,500 during May, the actual overhead cost for the
month must have been:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $16,700
B) $21,700
C) $18,500
D) $23,500
Answer:

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Q82

What account should Chelm debit when the workers who carve the wood for the
instruments are paid?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) Direct Labor
B) Work in Process
C) Manufacturing Overhead
D) Salaries and Wages Receivable
E) Salaries and Wages Expense
Answer:

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Q83

What account should Chelm debit when the production manager is paid?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) Direct Labor
B) Work in Process
C) Manufacturing Overhead
D) Salaries and Wages Receivable
E) Salaries and Wages Expense
Answer:

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Q84

What account should Chelm debit when the president of the company is paid?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) Direct Labor
B) Work in Process
C) Manufacturing Overhead
D) Salaries and Wages Receivable
E) Salaries and Wages Expense
Answer:

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Q85

What is one of the accounts that Chelm should credit when goods are sold?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) Finished Goods
B) Work in Process
C) Cost of Goods Sold
D) Manufacturing Overhead
E) Cost of Goods Manufactured
Answer:

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Q86

The Cost of Goods Manufactured is:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $20,000
B) $34,000
C) $22,500
D) $25,000
Answer:

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Q87

The direct labor cost was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $9,000
B) $12,000
C) $10,000
D) $14,000
Answer:

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Q88

The direct materials cost was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $8,000
B) $6,500
C) $9,000
D) $6,000
Answer:

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Q89

The manufacturing overhead applied was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $9,000
B) $3,000
C) $500
D) $7,000
Answer:

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Q90

The manufacturing overhead was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $250 overapplied
B) $750 underapplied
C) $250 underapplied
D) $750 overapplied
Answer:

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Q91

What is Kapanga's cost of goods manufactured for October?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $ 50,000
B) $ 55,000
C) $ 78,000
D) $ 82,000
Answer:

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Q92

What is Kapanga's work in process inventory balance at the end of October?

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $23,000
B) $30,500
C) $32,000
D) $43,000
Answer:

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Q93

The balance on May 1 in the Raw Materials inventory account was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $11,000
B) $5,000
C) $7,000
D) $9,000
Answer:

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Q94

The amount of direct materials cost in the May 31 Work in Process inventory account
was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $7,600
B) $2,000
C) $6,300
D) $4,300
Answer:

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Q95

The entry to dispose of the under or overapplied overhead cost for the month would
include:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) a debit of $2,000 to the Manufacturing Overhead account
B) a credit of $2,500 to the Manufacturing Overhead account
C) a debit of $2,000 to Cost of Goods Sold
D) a credit of $2,500 to Cost of Goods Sold
Answer:

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Q96

The Cost of Goods Manufactured for May was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $84,500
B) $95,000
C) $75,500
D) $81,500
Answer:

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Q97

Farber Company's total direct labor cost was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $750,000
B) $600,000
C) $900,000
D) $937,500
Answer:

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Q98

Total cost of direct material used by Farber Company was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $750,000
B) $812,500
C) $850,000
D) $1,150,000
Answer:

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Q99

The Work in Process inventory at December 31 was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $300,000
B) $225,000
C) $100,000
D) $75,000
Answer:

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The direct materials used in production during the year totaled:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $180,000
B) $240,000
C) $130,000
D) $120,000
Answer:

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If the actual manufacturing overhead cost for the year totaled $145,000, then overhead
was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) overapplied by $25,000
B) overapplied by $10,000
C) underapplied by $25,000
D) underapplied by $10,000
Answer:

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The Company's ending work in process inventory consisted of one job, Job 42. The
job had been charged with $28,000 of direct labor cost, which consisted of 2,000
actual labor-hours. The direct materials cost in Job 42 totaled:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $33,000
B) $42,000
C) $17,000
D) $30,000
Answer:

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The balance in the Finished Goods inventory account at the beginning of the year was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $15,900
B) $15,400
C) $21,200
D) $36,600
Answer:

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If the applied manufacturing overhead was $169,300, the actual manufacturing
overhead cost for the year was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $168,800
B) $153,400
C) $190,000
D) $185,200
Answer:

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The Cost of Goods Manufactured was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $22,900
B) $26,300
C) $6,400
D) $49,200
Answer:

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The direct labor cost was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $8,000
B) $12,300
C) $12,600
D) $11,000
Answer:

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The direct materials cost was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $8,000
B) $10,000
C) $7,400
D) $4,600
Answer:

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The manufacturing overhead applied was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $1,900
B) $6,800
C) $12,900
D) $3,000
Answer:

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The manufacturing overhead was:

Multiple Choice
expand_more
A) $1,900 underapplied
B) $700 underapplied
C) $400 overapplied
D) $3,200 overapplied
Answer:

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Aladili Company is a manufacturing firm that uses job-order costing. At the beginning
of the year, the company's inventory balances were as follows:
Raw materials ................................ $36,000
Work in process ............................. $41,000
Finished goods ............................... $104,000
The company applies overhead to jobs using a predetermined overhead rate based on
machine-hours. At the beginning of the year, the company estimated that it would
work 21,000 machine-hours and incur $210,000 in manufacturing overhead cost. The
following transactions were recorded for the year:
a. Raw materials were purchased, $346,000.
b. Raw materials were requisitioned for use in production, $338,000 ($302,000 direct
and $36,000 indirect).
c. The following employee costs were incurred: direct labor, $360,000; indirect
labor, $68,000; and administrative salaries, $111,000.
d. Selling costs, $153,000.
e. Factory utility costs, $29,000.
f. Depreciation for the year was $102,000 of which $93,000 is related to factory
operations and $9,000 is related to selling and administrative activities.
g. Manufacturing overhead was applied to jobs. The actual level of activity for the
year was 19,000 machine-hours.
h. The cost of goods manufactured for the year was $870,000.
i. Sales for the year totaled $1,221,000 and the costs on the job cost sheets of the
goods that were sold totaled $855,000.
j. The balance in the Manufacturing Overhead account was closed out to Cost of
Goods Sold.
Required:
Prepare the appropriate journal entry for each of the items above (a. through j.). You
can assume that all transactions with employees, customers, and suppliers were
conducted in cash.

Essay
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Answer:

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Quark Spy Equipment manufactures espionage equipment. Quark uses a job-order cost
system and applies overhead to jobs the basis of direct labor-hours. For the current
year, Quark estimated that it would work 100,000 direct labor-hours and incur
$20,000,000 of manufacturing overhead cost. The following summarized information
relates to January of the current year. The raw materials purchased include both direct
and indirect materials.
Raw materials purchased on account .............................. $1,412,000
Direct materials requisitioned into production ................ $1,299,500
Indirect materials requisitioned into production ............. $98,000
Direct labor cost (7,900 hours @ $40 per hour) .............. $316,000
Indirect labor cost (10,200 hours @ $16 per hour) ......... $163,200
Depreciation on the factory building ............................... $190,500
Depreciation on the factory equipment ........................... $890,700
Utilities for the factory .................................................... $79,600
Cost of jobs finished ........................................................ $2,494,200
Cost of jobs sold .............................................................. $2,380,000
Sales (all on account) ...................................................... $3,570,000
Required:
Prepare journal entries to record Quark's transactions for the month of January. Do not
close out the manufacturing overhead account.

Essay
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Answer:

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Baar Company is a manufacturing firm that uses job-order costing. The company's
inventory balances were as follows at the beginning and end of the year:
Beginning Balance Ending Balance
Raw materials ................................ $26,000 $20,000
Work in process ............................. $71,000 $53,000
Finished goods ............................... $66,000 $81,000
The company applies overhead to jobs using a predetermined overhead rate based on
machine-hours. At the beginning of the year, the company estimated that it would
work 44,000 machine-hours and incur $176,000 in manufacturing overhead cost. The
following transactions were recorded for the year:
• Raw materials were purchased, $459,000.
• Raw materials were requisitioned for use in production, $465,000 ($431,000 direct
and $34,000 indirect).
• The following employee costs were incurred: direct labor, $296,000; indirect
labor, $63,000; and administrative salaries, $157,000.
• Selling costs, $134,000.
• Factory utility costs, $14,000.
• Depreciation for the year was $119,000 of which $114,000 is related to factory
operations and $5,000 is related to selling and administrative activities.
• Manufacturing overhead was applied to jobs. The actual level of activity for the
year was 47,000 machine-hours.
• Sales for the year totaled $1,287,000
Required:
a. Prepare a schedule of cost of goods manufactured in good form.
b. Was the overhead under- or overapplied? By how much?
c. Prepare an income statement for the year in good form. The company closes any
under- or overapplied overhead to Cost of Goods Sold.

Essay
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Answer:

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Gonzalez, Inc. manufactures stereo speakers in two factories; one in Vandalia, Illinois
and another in Modesto, California. The Vandalia factory uses DL$ for its overhead
rate and the Modesto factory uses machine-hours (MHs) for its overhead rate.
Information related to both plants for last year is presented below:
Vandalia factory Modesto factory
Estimated manufacturing overhead ........... $1,000,000 $1,600,000
Estimated amount of allocation base ......... (a)______________ 200,000 MHs
Predetermined overhead rate ..................... $10 per DL$ (d)______________
Actual amount of allocation base ............... (b)______________ 190,000 MHs
Actual manufacturing overhead ................. $1,092,500 $1,472,500
Applied manufacturing overhead ............... $1,010,000 (e)_______________
Under or overapplied overhead .................. (c)______________ (f)_______________
Required:
Fill in the lettered blanks above. SHOW YOUR CALCULATIONS.

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Hacken Company has a job-order costing system. The company applies manufacturing
overhead to jobs using a predetermined overhead rate based on direct labor cost. The
information below has been taken from the cost records of Hacken Company for the
past year:
Direct materials used in production ..................................................... $1,250
Total manufacturing costs charged to production during the year
(includes direct materials, direct labor, and applied factory
overhead) ......................................................................................... $6,050
Manufacturing overhead applied ......................................................... $2,800
Selling and administrative expenses.................................................... $1,000
Inventories:
Direct materials, January 1 ............................................................... $130
Direct materials, December 31 ......................................................... $80
Work in process, January 1 .............................................................. $250
Work in process, December 31 ........................................................ $400
Finished goods, January 1 ................................................................ $300
Finished goods, December 31 .......................................................... $200
Required:
a. Compute the cost of direct materials purchased during the year.
b. Compute the predetermined overhead rate that was used during the past year.
c. Compute the Cost of Goods Manufactured for the past year.
d. Compute the Cost of Goods Sold for the past year.

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The Simkins Company uses a job order costing system. The following activities took
place during the month of May:
a. Raw materials purchased, $40,000.
b. Raw materials (all direct) used in production, $35,000.
c. Salaries and wages cost incurred:
Direct labor cost, $60,000.
Indirect labor cost, $30,000.
Sales salaries $25,000.
d. Factory utility costs incurred, $15,000.
e. Depreciation on factory equipment, $50,000.
f. Advertising expense incurred, $80,000.
g. Manufacturing overhead is applied at the predetermined rate of 150% of direct labor cost.
h. Cost of Goods Manufactured for the month, $180,000.
i. Cost of Goods Sold for the month, $150,000.
Required:
Prepare journal entries to record the information given above. Key your entries by the
letters a through i.

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The Commonwealth Company uses a job-order cost system and applies manufacturing
overhead cost to jobs using a predetermined overhead rate based on the cost of
materials used in production. At the beginning of the year, the following estimates
were made as a basis for computing the predetermined overhead rate: manufacturing
overhead cost, $186,000; direct materials cost, $155,000. The following transactions
took place during the year (all purchases and services were acquired on account):
a. Raw materials purchased, $96,000.
b. Raw materials requisitioned for use in production (all direct materials),
$88,000.
c. Utility bills incurred in the factory, $17,000.
d. Costs for salaries and wages incurred as follows:
Direct labor, $174,000
Indirect labor, $70,000
Selling and administrative salaries, $124,000
e. Maintenance costs incurred in the factory, $12,000.
f. Advertising costs incurred, $98,000.
g. Depreciation recorded for the year, $75,000 (75% relates to factory assets and
the remainder relates to selling and administrative assets).
h. Rental cost incurred on buildings, $80,000 (80% of the space is occupied by
the factory, and 20% is occupied by sales and administration).
i. Miscellaneous selling and administrative costs incurred, $12,000.
j. Manufacturing overhead cost was applied to jobs.
k. Cost of goods manufactured for the year, $480,000.
l. Sales for the year (all on account) totaled $900,000. These goods cost
$550,000 to manufacture
Required:
Prepare journal entries to record the information above. Key your entries to the letters
a through l.

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The following cost data relate to the manufacturing activities of the Kanaba Company
last year:
Manufacturing overhead costs:
Property taxes ........................................................ $ 1,500
Utilities, factory ..................................................... 2,500
Indirect labor .......................................................... 5,000
Depreciation, factory ............................................. 12,000
Insurance, factory ................................................... 3,000
Total ....................................................................... $24,000
Other costs incurred:
Purchases of direct materials ................................. $16,000
Direct labor cost ..................................................... $20,000
Inventories:
Direct materials, January 1 .................................... $4,000
Direct materials, December 31 .............................. $3,500
Work in process, January 1 .................................... $3,000
Work in process, December 31 .............................. $3,750
The company uses a predetermined overhead rate to apply manufacturing overhead
cost to production. The rate last year was $5.00 per machine-hour; a total of 5,000
machine-hours were recorded for the year.
Required:
a. Compute the amount of under- or overapplied overhead cost for the year.
b. Prepare a schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured for the year.

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