Quiz 3: The Roman Empire

Gardner's Art Through the Ages

History
46
Questions
0
True/False
24
Choices
22
Essay
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Questions

Q1
Free

Terracotta life-sized reclining figures are found on Etruscan ____.

Multiple Choice
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A) sarcophagi
B) temple roofs
C) homes
D) all of these choices
Answer:
A) sarcophagi
Q2
Free

Which of the following works of art illustrates how Romanized the Etruscans became in the 1st century BCE?

Multiple Choice
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A) Apulu Veii
B) Aule Metele
C) Mural painting, Tomb of the Leopards
D) Sarcophagus with reclining couple
Answer:
B) Aule Metele
Q3
Free

The painting in the Tomb of the Leopards celebrates ____.

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A) the joy of life
B) the triumph of good over evil
C) victory in battle
D) the sorrow of death
Answer:
A) the joy of life
Q4

The Apulu of Veii is made of ____.

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A) bronze
B) terracotta
C) marble
D) wood
Answer:

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Q5

The year 211 BCE was a turning point for both Rome and Roman art because ____.

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A) Rome conquered Greece
B) Marcellus brought the artistic patrimony of Syracuse to Rome
C) Last Attalid king willed Pergamon to Rome
D) Veii fell to the Romans
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Q6

In what way does the Etruscan temple differ from the Greek temple?

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Q7

How do Etruscan sarcophagi reflect the attitude of Etruscan society?

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Q8

How does the portrait of Aule Metele, or the Orator, reflect upon the climax of Etruscan society and art?

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Q9

What is concrete, and what effect did it have upon construction?

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Q10

How does the equestrian portrait of Marcus Aurelius convey the power of the emperor?

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Q11

How does a vault differ from a post-and-lintel system?

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Q12

Explain the parts of a Roman city plan.

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Q13

How did Augustus change the purpose of portrait sculpture?

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Q14

Explain the architecture of the Colosseum. What forms and materials did the builders use?

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Q15

What is a groin vault?

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Q16

Describe the type of imagery included on the Column of Trajan.

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Q17

How do these interiors describe the Etruscan psyche?

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Q18

How do these works reflect late Etruscan society?

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Q19

Contrast the various aspects of these buildings. How did the Etruscans re-shape and change the original design?

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Q20

Contrast these works. What do they say about Etruscan versus Egyptian art?

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Q21

Discuss the type of vaulting used in this building: how was it constructed, and what effect did it have on the size of the building and the amount of interior light available?

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Q22

How is the sculptural decoration significant on this monument?

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Q23

What is the purpose of this style of Roman mural painting?

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Q24

How does this image reflect characteristics of Roman architecture?

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Q25

How does this image illustrate imperial virtues?

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Q26

What is the significance of this monument?

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Q27

Attribute the images on the screen to a culture and give an approximate date. Give the reasons for your attributions, using complete sentences and referring to specific works discussed in class.

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Q28

The first Roman painting style is known for its simulation of ____.

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A) marble panels
B) perspectival space
C) landscapes and cityscapes
D) rituals
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Q29

Pompeian wall paintings of the fourth Roman style of painting are characterized by ____.

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A) masonry
B) linear fantasies
C) dissolution of confining walls
D) architectural illusionism
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Q30

The portrait bust of the Flavian Woman (probably a Flavian princess) illustrates the use of a ____.

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A) live sitter
B) Greek model
C) drill
D) burin
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Q31

The Etruscan temple differed from the Greek temple because it had which of the following?

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A) an ionic frieze
B) a false porch
C) load-bearing columns
D) three cellas
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Q32

Which of the following best describes the "Fourth Style" of Roman painting?

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A) Masonry
B) Linear Fantasies
C) Dissolution of confining walls
D) Architectural Illusionism
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Q33

The Roman Colosseum's vaults were constructed with ____.

Multiple Choice
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A) brick
B) dressed masonry
C) concrete
D) wood
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Q34

A strongly realistic style with a preference for veristic portraits of Roman elders is most typical of the ____ period.

Multiple Choice
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A) Republican
B) Hellenistic
C) Etruscan
D) Late Imperial
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Q35

The Emperor Trajan commissioned the ____.

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A) Colosseum
B) Arch of Titus
C) Ara Pacis Augustae
D) column depicting his victories
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Q36

The procession relief on the Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace) promoted ____.

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A) Roman egalitarianism
B) military aggression
C) fruitful reproduction
D) patrician ethics
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Q37

How did the reliefs on the Column of Trajan accurately record the character of the Dacian Wars?

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A) Dacians were depicted as ferocious fighters.
B) Trajan was shown actively participating in battles.
C) Battles scenes only occupy one quarter of the frieze.
D) Roman soldiers are outnumbered by Dacian troops.
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Q38

What function did coffering perform?

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A) It helped expand interior space.
B) It lightened the weight of a dome or arch.
C) It supplied an accurate means of measuring interior space.
D) It allowed the Romans to construct extensive road systems.
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Q39

In contrast to a Greek temple, the Roman temple usually was ____.

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A) set on a tall podium
B) approached from a single side
C) pseudoperipteral
D) all of these choices
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Q40

Romans used the basilica for ____.

Multiple Choice
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A) civic administration
B) religious ceremonies
C) baths
D) private homes
Answer:

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Q41

Which architectural element is NOT found on Roman triumphal arches?

Multiple Choice
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A) attic
B) engaged columns
C) spandrel
D) drum
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Q42

Unlike a Greek theater, a Roman amphitheater ____.

Multiple Choice
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A) has a cavea.
B) rests on barrel vaults
C) rests on a natural hillside
D) is used for entertainment
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Q43

Christian churches were first constructed during the reign of which emperor?

Multiple Choice
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A) Julius Caesar
B) Constantine
C) Marcus Aurelius
D) Trajan
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Q44

The most pronounced influence of Greek Classical art could be seen in work done for which of the following emperors?

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A) Julius Caesar
B) Augustus
C) Trajan
D) Constantine
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Q45

Where would an oculus be found?

Multiple Choice
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A) at the center of a dome
B) in the wall of a temple
C) as part of a Roman peristyle
D) in the apse of a basilica
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Q46

The Column of Trajan celebrates the Roman imperial army's successful victories in:

Multiple Choice
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A) Cairo
B) Dacia
C) Pompeii
D) Athens
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